Tutorial: “Algorithm for Inventive Problem Solving (ARIZ-85C)”

Isak Bukhman, TRIZ Master, President of Altshuller Institute for TRIZ studies.

ARIZ-85C is the Russian acronym for “The Algorithm for Inventive Problem Solving” – “Алгоритм Решения Изобретательских Задач”. ARIZ-85C, the primary element of TRIZ, is a set of sequential, logical procedures for analyzing the initial problem situation in order to create most effective solutions by using the fundamental concepts and methods of TRIZ
The author of ARIZ is Genrich Altshuller (Altshuller, 1984; Bukhman, 2012). His first version of the process was developed in 1956. The name ARIZ was introduced for the first time in the autumn of 1965, with modifications noted by the subsequent years of development: ARIZ-68, ARIZ-71, ARIZ-77, ARIZ-82. The last modification, ARIZ-85C performs four major functions in TRIZ:

  1. Provides a way to use TRIZ elements as a system in order to create best possible solutions to a problem
  2. Acts as a TRIZ component manager by showing us after which step of problem analysis we are ready to use the different elements of TRIZ
  3. Develops an analytical algorithm for the human brain (not for computers) that gently guides us from the initial problem statement to elegant and innovative solutions
  4. Makes us more creative and innovative while it helps us avoid psychological Inertia, the greatest enemy of problem solvingToday, we will explore structure of ARIZ-85C, guide to diagrams of typical conflicts, and following parts of ARIZ-85C equipped with example from the real project (Bukhman, 2012):

Part 1 => transition from an initial problem statement to a distinctly constructed statement and model of a mini-problem
Part 2 => creation a list of the time, space, substance and field resources, with their associated parameters, that are available for solving the problem. After completing Part 2, we are well prepared for developing innovative solutions in Part 3.
Part 3 => is the most creative element of ARIZ-85C. After identifying them in Part 2, we begin to analyze how to use our available resources as effectively as possible. The formulation of Ideal Final Result One and Ideal Final Result Two is the basis for realizing this achievement. From here it becomes possible to formulate Physical Contradictions on a macro and micro level. The application of Part 3 of ARIZ directs us toward the Ideal Solution. It is not always possible to obtain an Ideal Solution but the Ideal Final Results points to the most potent answers.
Part 4.1 => the method of Simulation by “Little Manikins”. The originator of TRIZ, Genrich Altshuller in the 1960s, invented the method of Simulation by “Little Manikins” (SLM) (Altshuller, G.S. 1984; Altshuller, G.S. 1996).
References
Altshuller, G. S. (1984). Creativity as an Exact Science, New York, NY: Gordon and Breach
Altshuller, G. S. (1996). And Suddenly the Inventor Appeared. Worcester, MA: Technical Innovation Center.
Bukhman, Isak. (2012). TRIZ Technology for Innovation, Taiwan: Cubic Creativity Company.


About the tutorial provider

Isak Bukhman

TRIZ Master, President of Altshuller Institute for TRIZ studies.

isak-bukhman[at]comcast.net

TRIZ Master, President and Consultant of TRIZ Solutions LLC (USA), President of Altshuller Institute for TRIZ Studies, innovation advisor of Tsinghua x-lab (School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University), senior consultant of Chongqing Innovation Method Society, honorary director of Chinese National Engineering Research Center for Technological Innovation Methods and Tools, honorary member of Leibniz Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies (LIFIS)
As their chief methodologist, Isak spent almost ten years at Invention Machine Corporation (IMC-IHS) while the company established its global reputation. He now works as an independent consultant and is an owner of TRIZ Solutions, LLC.
During recent years, Isak has been active delivering TRIZ training workshops and guiding the development of more than 100 innovation projects for more than 40 leading global Corporations, Institutes and Universities including: American Axle & Manufacturing (USA), BYD (P. R. of China), Bobcat (USA), Chery Automobile (P. R. of China), Delphi (USA), Eaton (USA), Hendrickson (USA), Ingersoll Rand (USA), Johnson Controls (USA), Alcon (USA), Biomerieux (USA), DePuyOrthopaedics (Germany), Medtronic (USA), Steris (USA), Baker Hughes (USA), Chemtura (USA), Masco-Behr (USA), Shell (USA, UK), Stress Engineering Services (USA), A.O. Smith (USA), BaoSteel (P. R. of China), Flowserve (USA), Hollingsworth (USA), Savannah River Site (USA), POSCO (South Korea), Xinetics (USA), DSO National Laboratories (Singapore), General Dynamics Land Systems (USA), Asus (Taiwan), Compal Electronics (Taiwan), Clorox (USA), Corning (USA), Epistar (Taiwan), GAF (USA), Henkel (Germany), Huawei Technologies (P. R. of China), Intel (USA, Israel), Johnson & Johnson (USA, Brazil), Matter/Fisher-Price (USA), Microsoft (USA), NXP (Hong Kong), Samsung Electro-mechanics (South Korea), Philip Morris (USA), Philips (Netherlands), Shenzhen Kaifa Technology (P. R. of China), Whirlpool (USA), Siemens (Germany), GEGR-E (Germany), Southwest Research Institute (USA), Chung Hua University (Taiwan), Lunghwa University of Science and Technology (Taiwan), Mitsubishi Research Institute (Japan), Singapore Polytechnic-school of Mechanical & Engineering (Singapore), Tulane University (New Orleans, USA), Leibnitz Institute for Interdisciplinary studies (Germany), Holon Institute of Technology (Israel), Universidad Technologica Nacional (Argentina), Tsinghua University (P. R. of China), Hebei University of Technology (P. R of China)
Isak’s work has also included the delivery of numerous basic and advanced training seminars (some together with Genrich Altshuller), education and training of thousands of managers, engineers and researchers in TRIZ/Value Methodology, and – closest to his heart – seven years of child and adolescent creativity (TRIZ) education in his native Latvia. It was a long way from team of 12 year old students to a specialized TRIZ K11 elementary-middle-high school of Lomonosov name in Riga.

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